Did You Know About These Underground Cities?
From War-era hideouts to ancient salt mines, civilizations from around the world have utilized underground areas creatively. Let’s find out more about how life looked like below the surface, with some these old underground cities!
Crux of the Matter
Dixia Cheng, Beijing, China
Built in the 1970s to serve as a shelter during invasions and terror attacks, this city has a lengthy network of tunnels known as the “Underground Great Wall.” It also had community services like schools, hospitals, and sleeping halls in case citizens needed refuge for a long time.
Wieliczka Salt Mine, Krakow (Poland)
Built back in the 13th century, it continued to produce table salt until 2007. Also called as the “Underground Salt Cathedral”, it is currently open to the public. After descending 378 steps down the wooden staircase, one can see 185 impressive miles of galleries, 3,000 chambers and 9 floors.
Edinburgh Vaults, Edinburgh (Scotland)
Built in the 18th century, these vaults consist of series of chambers which boomed with tradesmen like cobblers. The place lost its popularity due to drainage issues.
Pilsen Historical Underground, Czech Republic
It is a 12.5 mile long labyrinth of passageways and wells first built below the city streets in the 14th century. It also has cellars which served as storage space for barrels of beer. Legend has it that there is treasure buried within the walls.
Other Underground Cities
In June 2021, the underground tunnels of Rome’s Colosseum were opened to public for the first time. The amphitheater, opened in around 80 CE, was famous for housing events like gladiator fights for more than 50,000 spectators.